TLP AMBER ANNOUNCEMENT:
Huawei, a long time Chinese telecommunications equipment competitor to the U.S. Cisco Systems, has earned a reputation for selling equipment that contains various cybersecurity, intellectual property, and quality control issues. Wapack Labs concurs with U.S. government agencies that Huawei and ZTE equipment are a cause for concern when considering supply chain equipment. Huawei and ZTE have higher than normal rates of cybersecurity issues due to a range of root causes. The United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and South Korea began instituting measures to limit Huawei, and ZTE equipment from being used relative to government and military related communications as far back as 2003. The warnings were issued via reports to the U.S. Congress from the Intelligence Community, with ZTE officially banned for use by U.S. government agencies in 2013. They further started instituting that government contractors and vendors also comply with contracting restrictions against vendor and contractor utilization of Huawei and ZTE equipment for security reasons even before the national security issues were made openly public in 2011.
Wapack Labs has cataloged and reported on Huawei and telecommunications in the past. An archive of related reporting can be found in the Red Sky Alliance portal.
This TLP AMBER report is available only to Red Sky Alliance members.